Longevity and life history coevolve with oxidative stress in birds


Authors marked in boldface are EvolEcol members. Authors with asterisk are undergrad students.

Vágási CI, Vincze O, Pătraș L, Osváth G, Pénzes J*, Haussmann MF, Barta Z, Pap PL 2018. Longevity and life history coevolve with oxidative stress in birds. Functional Ecology (in press).

Summary
1. The mechanisms that underpin the evolution of ageing and life histories remain elusive. Oxidative stress, which results in accumulated cellular damages, is one of the mechanisms suggested to play a role.
2. In this paper we set out to test the ‘oxidative stress theory of ageing’ and the ‘oxidative stress hypothesis of life histories’ using a comprehensive phylogenetic comparison based on an unprecedented dataset of oxidative physiology in 88 free-living bird species.
3. We show for the first time that bird species with longer lifespan have higher non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity and suffer less oxidative damage to their lipids. We also found that bird species featuring a faster pace-of-life either feature lower non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity or are exposed to higher levels of oxidative damage, while adult annual mortality does not relate to oxidative state.
4. These results reinforce the role of oxidative stress in the evolution of lifespan and also corroborate the role of oxidative state in the evolution of life histories among free-living birds.

Key-words: ageing, antioxidants, comparative biology, life history, lifespan, lipid peroxidation, mortality, oxidative damage

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